Background. Yerevan – one of the oldest cities in the world. In Yerevan Armenian historical literature first mentioned at the beginning of 6. According discovered during archaeological excavations of cuneiform inscriptions, Urartian king Argishti I in 782 BC. Oe. built the fortress of Erebuni, which has emerged and modern Yerevan (hence the same is the name of the city).
Economic and political importance of the city rises from the middle of 13 century. When Armenia became an important focal point on the tracks of the Ararat Valley in the North Caucasus. Since 1440 Yerevan – the administrative center of Eastern Armenia. From 1513 to 1735 the fortress and the city repeatedly subjected to the devastating invasions by the Persians and Turks. In 1604 Yerevan forces captured the Iranian Shah Abbas I; Armenian population in Iran is stolen, but soon the town was rebuilt and became the center of Yerevan Khanate. In 17.Yerevan has been some economic recovery. Armenia became a major center of caravan trade and crafts.
As a result, Russian-Iranian War, 1826-28 Yerevan was captured by Russian troops (October 1, 1827) and in the Eastern Armenian Turkmanchai contract annexed to Russia in 1828 (by this time the city had nearly 11.5 thousand tains.).
In 1828-40 Yerevan – Armenian center field, then – the county town since 1849 – the center of Erevan province. Connection Yerevan railroad via Alexandropol (now Leninakan) from Tbilisi (1902), and in 1908 with Julfa to the economic development of the city (in 1912, industry turnover amounted to 847.7 thousand rubles., Of which 600.9 thousand rubles. Accounted forwine).
Since the beginning of 20. Yerevan arises social democratic movement, in 1903-05 executed Bolshevik organization. In April – May 1905 in Yerevan took place strike of the workers Winery and Distillery Sarajev, Pasha and other businesses, workers Armenia participated in the October All-Russian political strike of 1905. At the 4 th (Unity) Congress RSDLP (1906) a delegate from the Social-Democratic organization Yerevan was SG Shaumyan. After the overthrow of the tsarist authorities in Yerevan, 9 (22) March 1917 into the hands of the regional body of the Provisional Government of Russia – Special Transcaucasian Committee (OZAKOMa), which is valid until 15 (28) November 1917 (before the formation of the Transcaucasian Commissariat).
In September 1919 in IE on an illegal meeting of representatives of the Bolshevik party organizations, was elected the Armenian Committee of the RCP (b) (Armenco), convened in January 1920, an illegal party conference, which was completed consolidation of Bolshevik organizations in Armenia. November 29, 1920 workers and peasants of Armenia, led by the Bolsheviks, raised an armed rebellion and by the 11 th Red Army overthrew the Dashnak quiet, established Soviet power. In February 1921 Dashnacks supported Entente raised counter-revolutionary rebellion, seized power in Yerevan, April 2, 1921 but the rebellion was suppressed and in the final Soviet power was established. Yerevan became the capital of the Armenian SSR. During the years before the war Pyatiletok Yerevan has become a major industrial, cultural and scientific center, was built about 200 large industrial enterprises. Industrial output in 1940 compared with 1913 increased by 18 times. In 1968, noted 2750 years of Yerevan in Soviet times Armenia from a small town into one of the largest industrial centers of the Caucasus.